Capitalism, the private ownership of the means of production, is responsible for the insecurity of subsistence, the poverty, misery, and degradation of the ever-growing majority of our people; but the same economic forces which have produced and now intensify the capitalist system will necessitate the adoption of socialism, the common ownership of the means of production for the good and welfare of all. The present system of social production and private ownership converted society into two antagonistic classes — i.e., the capitalist class and the propertyless class. Capitalism sharply divides society into two classes, the propertied and the propertyless, master and slave, owner and owned, employer and employed. There are those who imagine that when the working class succeed to power they will at once proceed to subjugate, enslave, and exploit some other class. This has been the history of the past. It is not true of the present socialist movement and in this very important respect the present social revolution differs from every other in all past history. In the struggle between capital and labour, in the revolutionary change from capitalism to socialism, there can be no coalition between employer and employee, no compromise between capitalist political parties and working-class organisations. Our job is to win working people to see the necessity of building socialism. The co-operative commonwealth will be inaugurated by the mass action of the workers. To assert the contrary is a denial of the very principles of socialism. Steadily the workers move along the road to socialism. Circumstances compel them to take that road.
Economic laws operate whether they are known or not, but if we understand their operation we can bend them to our purpose pad assist society along the course it tends to travel. The Socialist Party must bring this knowledge to the workers. The State is the political expression of the dominant class, and since that dominant class uses the machinery of the State—law, justice, force—to maintain its own privileges and to impose its will upon the labouring mass, the workers contest their claims by political action. The reason why some socialists participate in the every-day struggle in the industrial field, and yet decline to take a part in political action, is that they regard industrial action as more important than political. That belief is without justification. A socialist party is an integral part of the working-class movement. It is the centre of class education. The stronger the socialist body the better can it permeate the working-class movement, giving expression to socialist opinion; voicing the demand for socialist activity and reiterating the need for revolutionary change.
The Socialist Party is the party of the working class and is in fundamental opposition to all other parties. The Socialist Party, therefore, is the deadly enemy of capitalism and capitalist parties. It has as its aim the overthrow of capitalism and the establishment of a socialist society in which the means of production will not be the private property of the few, a society which will not be based upon profit, will not be based on class division, but will eradicate poverty forever. At a crossroads the World must now choose a new direction. Which way we pick may well lead to an abyss for large portions of civilisation and humanity. Capitalism is showing itself to be not only injurious to the vast majority, but a definite obstacle to the advance of mankind. We seek that the last of the slave systems shall be finally swept away an where our fellow-workers embrace the cooperative commonwealth ending the wage system where the production and distribution of wealth are for the use and benefit of all.
Mankind can only work to produce wealth with tools. The mere handicraft tools of former times have become very costly technological marvels. These and the factories, mills, and shops in which they are housed, as well as the lands and mines from which the raw materials are drawn, are used in common by the workers, and in their very nature are marked for common ownership and control. Socialism does not propose the collective ownership of property, but of the instruments of wealth production, which, in the form of private property, enable a few capitalists to exploit vast numbers of workers, thus creating millionaires and class rule with all its odious and undemocratic distinctions. As we better understand our history we can better figure out our future and our strategy to get there. For this revolution to go forward, each of us needs to ask the questions and seek the answers. The Marxist materialist understands the world is knowable and studies relentlessly to learn and contribute. Today's scarcity can be eliminated. We’re talking about abundance. We’re talking about a world where the automation can produce 24/7 where there is plenty of plenty. We’re talking about a world where everybody becomes involved in the organisation and administration. We’re talking about a world of happy people. Our troubles and woes arise from material scarcity where we are involved in struggling to get food, struggling to get homes, struggling to get an education, struggling to get a job, struggling for all these things. If these necessaries are in abundance then we can turn to the real matters of life, developing ourselves as a person.